NECO IRS Questions Answers 2020 Objective and Theory Update.
Bismi l-lāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm(i)
ﺇِﻧَّﺂ ﺃَﻋْﻄَﻴْﻨَٰﻚَ ﭐﻟْﻜَﻮْﺛَﺮَ
(i) innā ’a‘ṭaynāka l-kawthar(a)
ﻓَﺼَﻞِّ ﻟِﺮَﺑِّﻚَ ﻭَﭐﻧْﺤَﺮْ
(ii) Faṣalli lirabbika wanhar
ﺇِﻥَّ ﺷَﺎﻧِﺌَﻚَ ﻫُﻮَ ﭐﻟْﺄَﺑْﺘَﺮُ
(iii) inna shāni’aka huwa l-’abtar(u)
(i)Allāh gifted His Messenger (S.A.W) an abundance of good.
(ii)You should always be grateful to Allāh, for everything that He continues to bless you with.
(iii)Never underestimate Allāh, especially when it comes to defending the honour and dignity of His Messenger (S.A.W)
Revelation involves the ‘revealing’ of truth and, for many religions, is an important part of learning about God. For Muslims, the Qur’an is the most important source of revelation.
(i)Behind a veil:-This means talking direct to someone but while not seeing one another. Example; Prophet Musa talked to God direct at Mount Sinai when he was told to remove his shoes and when he was being given the Ten Commandments.
(ii)Through inspiration:-The powers to do good or have ideas as from God. It can be a command or a prohibitation or an explanation. Example; When Prophet Muhammad was commanded by Allah to go and assist the Quaraysh to return the black stone after renovation of the Qaabah.
(iii)Dream or vision:-receiving a religious experience/Dream while sleeping. Example: Prophet Ibrahim dreamt that he was being ordered by Allah to slaughter his son Ishmael
(i)The words of the Prophet (S. A. W)
(ii)Cannot be recited in sallah
(iii)Gives us extra details about the forms of worship we are to do that is not in the Quran.
(i)The Words of Allah
(ii)It is used in sallah
(iii)In Rhythmical form
(i)The Hadith is the exegesis of the Qur’an
(ii)it encourages Seeking the companionship of the Prophet
(iii)It serves a source of Shari’ah
Talaq refers to the husband’s right to dissolve the marriage by simply announcing to his wife that he repudiates her.
(i)Talaq-e-Ahsan: is the most ideal way of dissolving a marriage. ‘Ahsan’ means best or most proper. Under Talaq-e-Ahsan, the husband must pronounce divorce in a single sentence when the wife is in a state of ‘purity’, that is menstruating. The wife has to observe a period of iddat, a period of waiting and abstinence, after talaq is pronounced.
(ii)TalaqHasan: is a ‘proper’ way to divorce but not as good as Ahsan, the husband pronounces talaq three times spread over three monthly courses. After the first pronouncement of divorce, if there is resumption of cohabitation within a period of one month, the pronouncement of divorce is treated as having been revoked.
(iii)Talaq -biddat: which was banned by the Supreme Court in August, is considered undesirable and a ‘sinful’ in Islam, yet considered valid under Sharia law. This kind of instant divorce is not the norm within Islam, but a rarity. Biddat means sinful innovation this form was introduced by Ommeyad kings in order to circumvent the law.
Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Zakariya Al Razi was born in Al Rayy, a town on the southern slopes of El Burz mountains near present-day Tehran. His early interests were in music. He then started studying alchemy and philosophy. At the age of thirty, he stopped his work and experiments in alchemy due to eye irritation by chemical compounds he was exposed to. Among his discoveries in alchemy, he is credited with the discovery of sulfuric acid and ethanol. His teacher in medicine was Ali Ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, a physician and philosopher born to a Jewish family in Merv, Tabaristan of modern today Iran. Ibn Rabban converted to Islam during the rule of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mu’tasim who took him into the service of the court, in which he continued under the Caliph Al-Mutawakkil. Al- Razi studied medicine and probably also philosophy with Ibn Rabban. Therefore, his interest in spiritual philosophy can be traced to this master. Al Razi quickly surpassed his teacher, and became a famous physician. He was appointed as director of the hospital of his hometown Al Rayy during the reign of Mansur Ibn Ishaq Ibn Ahmad Ibn Asad of the Samanian dynasty. Al Razi’s fame reached to the capital of the Abbasids. He was called upon by Caliph Al Muktafi to be the chief director of the largest hospital in Baghdad. Al Razi is attributed with a remarkable method for selecting the site of a new hospital. When the Chief Minister of Al Muktafi, named Adhud Al Daullah, requested him to build a new hospital, he had pieces of fresh meat placed in various areas of Baghdad. A few days later, he checked the pieces, and he selected the area where the least rotten piece was found, stating that the “air” was cleaner and healthier there.
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